write an essay about the historical development of moral theories and choose your favorite ethical theory that you think you can relate with easily as well as to the present societys moral needs.
Your whole essay must contain the three following points:
A summary (must be brief) but with sharp contrast between the different historical sources of ethics (ancient, medieval, modern, contemporary)
reaction paper is limited to at least 1,500 words
Choose and discuss your own favorite ethical view/theory and explain the reasons for such choice. Your discussion must comprise the philosophical foundation of the moral view/theory.
Practical Aspect: Connect your ideas from #1 and #2 by commenting on the moral dilemma that one can experience along with constant technological progress of science and medicine regarding ANY of the following moral issues: reproductive technology, gender reassignment, and biomedical enhancement. Make use of some credible sources (research with citations is needed) added to your knowledge of the various ethical views which youve learned in this on-line class that would enable you to justify your own moral stand. Finally, what moral insight/knowledge did you learn in general from this on-line class?
Module 2-6 ANCIENT
Socrates – history of philosophy, Hippocrates,sophisits
Plato knowledge and virtue
Aristotle Virtue Ethics
Epicureanism and Stoicism the pleasant life and self discipline
Augustine and Aquinas Divine Command Ethics
Module 7 medieval
Thomas Hobbes Social contract theory
Modules 8-12 Modern
David Hume Morality and Sentiments
Immanuel Kant Duty based on ethics- Deontological theory
John Stuart Mill The greatest happiness Principle
Karl Marx morality as ideology
Module 13 Contemporary
Nietzsche and Sartre Extistentialist moral views