Complete questions listed.
Ambedkar. Annihilation of Caste
Towards the end of his undelivered speech, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar considers various approaches that have been used to abolish the caste system, like inter-dining and inter-marriage. Which among these two, is more effective according to him, and why?
U.R. Ananthamurthy’s short novel Samskara can be read as a trenchant moral critique of the caste system. How would you explain Dr. Ambedkar’s observation that there is no such thing as a Hindu society because the hierarchical arrangement of caste is anti-social at its heart using examples from this novel?
Zakaria. Upstairs Wife
Rafia Zakaria’s memoir The Upstairs Wife weaves together two narratives: her family history, centered on her Aunt Amina; and the story of Pakistan as a new postcolonial nation. Zakaria uses Benazir Bhutto as a figure that brings together the personal and the political elements of these interwoven narratives. Does this framing device work in her memoir? Explain using at least two examples from the text.
Dattani. On a Muggy Night in Mumbai
The playwright Mahesh Dattani follows a tight three-act structure in this play (exposition, conflict, resolution) that is conventional, but plays with other conventions like a linear temporal narrative (flashbacks, past and present action unfolding simultaneously). How do these formal aspects of the play affect its realist tone?