How have cultural flows changed? What does Iwabuchi mean decentralized global cultural power or the loss of the center? Explain it concisely by giving an example.

According to Iwabuchi, cultural flows of media culture (e.g. TV dramas, music, film, animation, fashion, etc.) have changed especially in East Asia.

1. How have cultural flows changed? What does Iwabuchi mean decentralized global cultural power or the loss of the center? Explain it concisely by giving an example.

2. The cultural similarity between Japan and other East Asian countries is used to explain “their mutually favorable reception” in media cultures. (266) Explain the reason. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Explain.

3. The Korean Wave in Japan in the early 2000s was described as “nostalgia” –“a self-reflective adoring reception” in Japan. (267) Why can this reception illustrate a double-edged sword or ambivalence? What is your thought on this?

4. What do you think is a problem of Cool Japan? What is the limitation of soft power?

5. What is your opinion about the future direction of the relationships between Japan and East Asia/ Western countries/non-Western countries?