Fathers and Sons — The Roads That They Take Discuss the theme of Father and Son relationships. Include meaning of names as they pertain to the film.

Getting Started and Where to Find “Smoke Signals,” the Film:

You can access the film on Youtube and in the Folder in Course Materials. If Youtube removes the film, it is the student’s responsibility to locate it. smoke signals (1998)

Do not tell anything about the background of the writer, directors or producers; instead treat this as literature and analyze it as such using literary terms such as theme, symbol, character analysis, foreshadowing, American Horror, American Realism, metaphor, analogy, allusion, meaning of names, doppleganger or the tether, and so on. Do not try to analyze all the literary themes; instead, concentrate on doing a few well and in depth.

Part I of Assignment :

Choose one of the threads to guide your scholarly response no personal opinions; use Bloom’s critical thinking instead and do not go below the analysis level. If you do not know the levels of critical thinking, Google and/or look at “Bloom’s Taxonomy of Critical Thinking for College Undergraduates” which you can find in Course Materials.

Provide research to support a strong thesis.

Thesis goes somewhere in the Introductory paragraph and must contain literary terms such as symbol, theme, irony, setting, allusion, paradox, etc. You cannot cover all literary elements, so choose wisely and cover academically.

Underline the full thesis statement. If you cannot find your own thesis, I can’t.

Do not announce what you will do in the paper or write a purpose statement — See Lester or Google examples of a thesis.

Do not write a dictionary meaning in your paper. Dictionary meanings will not help you in literature; find out the literary meaning; do not put it in the paper as I already know the literary meanings and including them in the paper is only fluff; just know how to apply the literary meaning.

Highlight 2-3 transitions within every paragraph and from one paragraph to the next in a consistent color of your choice. Transitions will help you have unity, coherence, organization, and will allow the reader to follow you. The minute you can not come up with a very bare minimum of two transitions in each parargraph, that is your clue that something is seriously wrong on your part : weak passive voice, ideas just don’t go together, critical thinking issues, grammar problems.

Double space the response, even Works Cited and Works Consulted. I cannot read single spaced papers and will not attempt to do so. IT can assist students in this matter. It is not enough to assume the paper automatically double spaced — after you submit it, go back to make sure that Blackboard did not change the spacing. Again, I will not try to read single spacing or strange looking spacing.

Paragraphs must be 5 to 7 related, complete sentences each, no less/no more. Doing bare minimum work usually leads to bare minimum grades.

People who get As and Bs generally do more work than bare minimum research, writing, critical thinking, editing and revising.

Quote from and document film and a minimum of three college level literary critics in MLA format to support the thesis and the claims you make. There are no excuses for not using MLA. Be Forewarned:

Quoting from and documenting film is different from quoting from and documenting prose. Be sure to check Lester for accuracy.

The film is your primary source, not a critical source, so it does not count toward the bare minimum of sources from which to quote.

Quote at least once from each secondary source/college level literary critics — again, this is bare minimum.

Check the credentials and/or expertise of the person whom you are quoting. See Forum I for examples.
Do not use web sources that have no authors, titles, or that are missing other essential copyright information. Likewise, do not use sources that are notes, plot summaries, or that come from questionable web sites like Crystalinks, Schmoop, Dogpile, She.Knows, Cliff Notes, Monarch Notes, Wikipedia, blogs, etc. When in doubt, check the home pages or about us pages. If a source is missing copyright information, you probably should not use that material. I certainly wouldn’t. Quotes cannot take the place of your critical thinking; quotes should enhance your critical thinking, not replace it.

Do not write in the first person — I, me, my, myself, mine, we, us, our, ours ourselves. The paper is to be about the story, not you.

Do not write in the second person — you, you’re, yourself, yours, yourselves — the paper is not about the reader.

Use the third person only.

Use Lester and Lester 14th or 15th edition and include the edition and page numbers you use on the Works Cited Page; put it under Works Consulted.

Use college level scholarly sources only.

Provide unity and coherence by making sure you have two to three transitions per paragraph and from paragraph to paragraph. The reader can follow you and your paper will have impact.
Do not repeat any of the transitions; find new ones.

Provide meaningful verbs, not lazy ones. See Forum I, Guidelines, They Say, I Say, or Google a list of active verbs. There are lists of such verbs in Guidelines.

If you use web sources, provide the web address with complete copyright information.

Do not ask the reader questions; it is your job to provide answers.

Whichever thread you select, be sure you address some of the literary elements these include but are not limited to symbolism, theme, use of language, irony, the doppelganger or the double, setting, genre, foreshadowing, character analysis, and so on. However, remember, do not try to address all. Better to write thoroughly on a few than make generalities about many.