Consider the world of colonized Africa and Asia immediately after World War II. How did the states that emerged from the wreckage of the European empires do so, and what complications did national leaders face in their respective national liberation struggles during that period?

2 questions not related. 1 page per question

1. Consider the world of colonized Africa and Asia immediately after World War II. How did the states that emerged from the wreckage of the European empires do so, and what complications did national leaders face in their respective national liberation struggles during that period?

2. By the 1980s, the Soviet Union was in crisis, though very few if anyone at the time expected it to quickly collapse. What caused such problems for the USSR, how did Soviet leaders attempt to deal with them, and what were some of the unintended consequences of their failure to do so and the subsequent, startlingly-fast disintegration of the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc?